Legal systems operate on a pain principle: punishments should involve a loss, and that loss should be painful. Problem is, some of us feel some losses more keenly than others: one person might find prison life merely unpleasant and difficult, while another could spend their entire prison term in a state of fear and distress. Have these two prisoners been punished equally? What are the legal and ethical implications of this? Philosopher Lauren Ware (University of Stirling) argues, radically, that prisons should be turned into personalised pain factories instead.
Lauren Ware, Lecturer, Division of Law and Philosophy, University of Stirling.